A bunion is a bony bump that develops at the base of your big toe. Sometimes, the bump can be located on your little toe—but this is rare. Bunions are caused by arthritis, injuries, and improper foot mechanics, such as flat feet. You are also at an increased risk for developing bunions if you wear high heels or improperly fitted shoes often.
Symptoms: Not all bunions cause symptoms. However, many patients report experiencing pain while wearing shoes or red, thickened skin located on the inner area of the big toe.
Non-Surgical Treatments: The severity of the bunion will determine which treatment is best for you. Pain medications can reduce discomfort and custom orthotics can be used to correct foot mechanics that are contributing to bunions.
Surgery: There are a handful of minimally-invasive surgical procedures that can treat bunions. For example, the tendons and ligaments around the big toe can be repaired and the affected joint can be realigned.