Gout is characterized by hot, swollen, and painful joints. It is caused by too much uric acid in your body. Uric acid is a waste product made by your body. You can have too much of it if you eat a diet high in purines (found in some meat and fish, as well as alcohol) or if your body has trouble removing uric acid. Primarily, gout affects the joint in the big toe, but can also affect the ankle joint and the middle of the foot. Men and patients who are overweight are more likely to experience gout.
Symptoms: Gout attacks often occur at night and can involve intense pain. Other symptoms of gout include tenderness, swelling, limited movement, and red or purple skin around the affected joint. You may also notice itching and peeling of the skin.
Non-Surgical Treatments: If gout is left untreated, it can harm your joints and tendons. Medications can help lower levels of uric acid, and ice can reduce inflammation. Your doctor may want to take a look at your health to determine what is causing your high levels or uric acid. In some cases, aspiration may be utilized in large joints to draw out fluid and remove pressure.