Posterior Tibial Tendon Dysfunction
Posterior tibial tendon dysfunction occurs when the posterior tibial tendon is aggravated after overuse. This tendon assists with walking and is unable to provide arch support when affected. Usually, only one foot is affected, but it is possible for both feet to be affected at once.
Symptoms: Symptoms of posterior tibial dysfunction include flattening of the arch, swelling, and pain that starts on the inside of the foot and then shifts to the outside edges. You might notice that the pain worsens after activities like walking, running, or climbing stairs. It is also possible for arthritis to develop in the foot or ankle.
Posterior tibial tendon dysfunction is a change to the posterior tibial tendon, a tendon that assists with walking movements. This condition is caused by overuse of the tendon. As a result, the tendon is not able to provide arch support.
Non-Surgical Treatments: Early treatment is necessary to prevent posterior tibial tendon dysfunction from progressing. Medications can be used to reduce inflammation and pain, and orthotics can provide arch support. Your doctor might suggest physical therapy to rehabilitate the tendon, or a cast or boot that can keep the foot in place and allow the tendon to heal.
Surgery: If non-surgical approaches are not effective, surgery may be necessary. Surgical approaches for posterior tibial tendon dysfunction include cutting away inflamed tissue and a tendon transfer.