An ankle sprain occurs when a ligament (or multiple ligaments) are torn or stretched. Sprains are usually caused by a fall or sudden twist that causes the ankle to move into an abnormal position. The ankle is one of the most common body parts to be sprained.
Symptoms: Symptoms resulting from a sprain appear quickly. The severity of pain and swelling is usually a good indicator of how severe the injury is. Bruising, limited mobility, and a popping sound are also signs of a sprain.
Non-Surgical Treatments: The R.I.C.E. method (rest, icing, compression, and elevation) can help to reduce pain and swelling. If you do not see improvement after a day or two, you should contact your doctor, who might use tape or a splint or cast in order to keep the ankle in a secure position so it can heal.
Surgery: In severe sprain cases, when the ligament is completely torn, surgery may be necessary to repair it.